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COPYRIGHT © 2003-Present
University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research (UK CAER)

All Rights Reserved.   Do not duplicate or mirror this site.

This website is hosted by the Center for Applied Energy Research of the University of Kentucky located in Lexington, Kentucky, USA. Use for non-profit and educational purposes is explicitly granted.

Unless otherwise noted, all materials including but not limited to text, photos, graphics, video, audio, flash movies as well as the entire contents of the Ash Library Web site are copyrighted as a collective work and are protected by United States and international copyright and trademark laws. UK CAER shall remain the sole and exclusive owners of all rights, title and interest in and to all specifically copyrighted information created and posted for inclusion on this web site.


The papers on this website can be downloaded, printed, and/or cited. However, the University of Kentucky maintains a single use license from our authors. The author(s) maintain copyright ownership. Posting these papers on other websites or republishing them in other media violates the rights of both the authors and the University of Kentucky.

You may download photos or print material from this site for personal or educational, non-commercial use only, provided all copyright and other proprietary notices are kept intact at all times and that attribution, including the URL and the Ash Library Web site name, are clearly noted. Any commercial use of this material is prohibited without prior permission from the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research. Commercial requests should be submitted to this email address.

Links to the Ash Library Web site are encouraged and appreciated.


  • Web site maintained by: Alice Marksberry, Web Coordinator - Email
  • Graphic Design by Gisele Rabchevsky, DigiZel Grapfix, LCC
    Graphics may not be used unless permission granted.
  • Ash Library Web Site Originally Developed and Designed by: Gretchen Tremoulet; Gisele Rabchevsky and Alice Marksberry.


  • 2013 - Papers added from 2013 WOCA conference added - papers given at conference were added.
  • 2011 - Papers added from 2011 WOCA conference added - papers given at conference were added.
  • 2009 - Papers added from 2009 WOCA conference added - papers given at conference were added.
  • 2007 - Selected Papers added from 2007 WOCA conference added.
  • 2005 - Selected Papers added from 2005 WOCA conference added.
  • 2004 (February) - Selected Papers from the 2003 IAUS were added; real time generation of the list of conference papers and the list of authors was added.
  • 2003 (August) - The Ash Library web site was launched, which included selected papers from 1999 and 2001 IAUS.


UK CAER endeavors to make the this web site accessible to the widest possible audience. We sought to optimize and validate for XHTML 1.0 and CSS 2.0 specifications as recommended by the World Wide Web Consortium. This site also strives to comply with the recommendations of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0. Please contact the web maintainer with any problems with or questions about this Web site or if particular needs might not covered by the guidelines.

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For any questions, please contact:

Dr. Tom Robl
Associate Director, University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research
Email and Contact Information
- Flyash Library Founder
- IAUS Conference Organizing Chair
- WOCA Conference Co-Chair
Ms. Alice Marksberry
Web Coordinator, University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research
Email and Contact Information
- Flyash Library Webmaster
- IAUS Conference Webmaster
- WOCA Conference Webmaster and Submission Coordinator

Conference Papers

1999 | 2001 | 2003 | 2005 | 2007 | 2009 | 2011 | 2013 | 2015

Author List

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z



Dr. Thomas Robl
(Assoc. Director, CAER)
Alice Marksberry
(Web Contact, CAER)